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Maven编译Spark程序

更新时间:2015年12月29日15时10分 来源:传智播客云计算学科


在IDEA中编写Spark入门级程序WordCount
Spark是用Scala语言开发的,目前对Scala语言支持较好的是IDEA的插件,这里我们编写一个Spark入门级程序,然后用Maven编译成jar包,然后提交到集群。
1.创建一个项目,利用Maven来管理jar包的依赖。
 


2.选择Maven项目,然后点击next
 

3.填写maven的GAV,然后点击next
 

4.填写项目名称,然后点击finish
 

5.创建好maven项目后,点击Enable Auto-Import
 

6.配置Maven的pom.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>cn.itcast.spark</groupId>
    <artifactId>spark-mvn</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>1.7</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>1.7</maven.compiler.target>
        <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
        <scala.version>2.10.6</scala.version>
        <scala.compat.version>2.10</scala.compat.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.scala-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>scala-library</artifactId>
            <version>${scala.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.spark</groupId>
            <artifactId>spark-core_2.10</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.spark</groupId>
            <artifactId>spark-streaming_2.10</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.hadoop</groupId>
            <artifactId>hadoop-client</artifactId>
            <version>2.6.2</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <sourceDirectory>src/main/scala</sourceDirectory>
        <testSourceDirectory>src/test/scala</testSourceDirectory>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>net.alchim31.maven</groupId>
                <artifactId>scala-maven-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.2.0</version>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>compile</goal>
                            <goal>testCompile</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <args>
                                <arg>-make:transitive</arg>
                                <arg>-dependencyfile</arg>
                                <arg>${project.build.directory}/.scala_dependencies</arg>
                            </args>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.18.1</version>
                <configuration>
                    <useFile>false</useFile>
                    <disableXmlReport>true</disableXmlReport>
                    <includes>
                        <include>**/*Test.*</include>
                        <include>**/*Suite.*</include>
                    </includes>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>

            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>2.3</version>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>shade</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <filters>
                                <filter>
                                    <artifact>*:*</artifact>
                                    <excludes>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.SF</exclude>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.DSA</exclude>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.RSA</exclude>
                                    </excludes>
                                </filter>
                            </filters>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

7.将src/main/java和src/test/java分别修改成src/main/scala和src/test/scala,与pom.xml中的配置保持一致
 
 

8.新建一个scala class,类型为Object
 

9.编写spark程序
package cn.itcast.spark

import org.apache.spark.{SparkContext, SparkConf}

object WordCount {
  def main(args: Array[String]) {
    //创建SparkConf()并设置App名称
    val conf = new SparkConf().setAppName("WC")
    //创建SparkContext,该对象是提交spark App的入口
    val sc = new SparkContext(conf)
    //使用sc创建RDD并执行相应的transformation和action
    sc.textFile(args(0)).flatMap(_.split(" ")).map((_, 1)).reduceByKey(_+_, 1).sortBy(_._2, false).saveAsTextFile(args(1))
    //停止sc,结束该任务
    sc.stop()
  }
}
点击idea右侧的Maven Project选项,再点击Lifecycle,选择clean和package,然后点击Run Maven Build
 

10.选择编译成功的jar包,并将该jar上传到Spark集群中的某个节点上
 

11.首先启动hdfs和Spark集群
启动hdfs
/usr/local/hadoop-2.6.1/sbin/start-dfs.sh
启动spark
/usr/local/spark-1.5.2-bin-hadoop2.6/sbin/start-all.sh

12.使用spark-submit命令提交Spark应用(注意参数的顺序)
/usr/local/spark-1.5.2-bin-hadoop2.6/bin/spark-submit \
--class cn.itcast.spark.WordCount \
--master spark://node1.itcast.cn:7077 \
--executor-memory 2G \
--total-executor-cores 4 \
/root/spark-mvn-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar \
hdfs://node1.itcast.cn:9000/words.txt \
hdfs://node1.itcast.cn:9000/out

查看程序执行结果
hdfs dfs -cat hdfs://node1.itcast.cn:9000/out/part-00000
(hello,6)
(tom,3)
(kitty,2)
(jerry,1)